As an adult your age, lifestyle, overall health, pregnancy status, and travel patterns dictate the vaccines you need.
If you missed some vaccinations growing up, or if you immigrated (moved) to Canada as an adult, you will need to access some common vaccines for adults:
- Influenza (flu)
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
- Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis.
Canada's National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) recommends that everyone age 6 months or older should get a flu vaccine. It is most important to get one if you're at high risk for other health problems from the flu.
Those at high risk include young children, pregnant women, older adults, and people who have chronic diseases or weak immune systems.
Talk to your healthcare provider about which shots you need to protect yourself from disease.
Learn more about
recommended immunizations for adults.
Some diseases are more harmful to you and your baby when you are pregnant. Many of these viruses and infectious diseases can be prevented with the right vaccines.
When planning a pregnancy, discuss your immunization status with your health care provider. Some vaccines contain live strains of the virus, which can be unsafe if you are pregnant. Before conceiving, make sure that your vaccinations are up-to-date for the following:
- Chickenpox (Varicella)
- Rubella (German Measles)
- Whooping Cough (Pertussis).
Many vaccines can be safely given in pregnancy and studies are now showing this is a successful strategy to protect newborns from certain diseases.
Influenza (flu) vaccine
Pregnant women who get the flu are more at risk of serious complications, such as pneumonia, preterm labour and preterm delivery. The flu vaccine protects pregnant women and provides some protection to the baby, both during pregnancy and after the baby is born.
Some women worry that getting the flu vaccine during pregnancy could pose a risk to the baby. Research has shown that the flu vaccine is safe and effective at any stage of pregnancy and reduces the risk of adverse infant outcomes compared to babies born in flu season, particularly to mothers who are not immunized. There is no evidence of harm to pregnant women or their babies from getting the flu shot. In BC, the flu shot is free for pregnant women.